The Hot Springs

The hot springs of Viterbo, now known as the Baths of the Popes, have very ancient origins dating back to Etruscan times. In medieval times the Terme dei Papi became a destination for a stay of several popes, including Noccolo V, the pope hence the current name of the Baths of the Popes.
He found beneficial in the treatment of his ills by these waters and then made a splendid palace built where he could stay if needed. The important spa building was just named 'Bathroom of Pope'.

Many references to artists and poets to the baths of Viterbo: such as Dante's Divine Comedy that is more reminiscent of the times "Bullicame" or Michelangelo Buonarroti struck by the beauty of the baths, made of pen and ink drawings currently on display at the Museum of Vicar de Lille in France.
Hyperthermal waters flowing from numerous sources at a temperature of 58 ° C. The most important is the historical source Bullicame, most famous for its unique therapeutic qualities. Noteworthy is the volcanic lake of Bagnaccio: powered by several springs offers the possibility to derive two types of mud very rare gray lava, used in mud, and the wellspring white for the treatments.

Terme di Saturnia’s area, at the foot of the ancient village, is situated in the Maremma countryside and is full of unique beauty. The hot springs were already known at the time of the Etruscans, who had identified the source "miraculous" healing.
The source of the Terme di Saturnia is born in a volcanic crater and then runs along a natural stream (called the Gorello) for about 500 meters, where a drop creates a waterfall that flows around an old mill and in turn form a series of natural pools carved the rock. From the road opens up a view that permits, in the distance, admire the waterfalls of Saturnia in all their beauty, made even more striking, from the cloud of steam that constantly accompanies this enchanted place.

The heart of Val d'Orcia has been kept at 524 m. above sea level, one of the most beautiful jewelry spa at the foot of Mount Amiata, Bagni San Filippo. It is a picturesque place for the white limestone deposits formed by water on which lies the country, forming cascades of hot water overlooking the White Ditch, also known as "White Water Ditch" and the "White Whale", a stream of mountain waters in which they are hyper.
Bagni San Filippo was known as a spa town since Roman times and it was in the '500 that Cosimo de Medici decided to restore the baths restoring their reputation and prestige, thanks to the citation in the work the "Mandrake" by Niccolo Machiavelli.

The thermal waters of the baths of San Casciano dei Bagni, the slopes of Mount Cetosa, were already known to the ancient Etruscans and Romans for their therapeutic properties. This water is hyperthermal (43 ° C) and flow to the surface at a speed of 60 liters per second to less than 43 different sources. The presence of  the health club Fonteverde, provides a wide range of spaces dedicated exclusively to the welfare and different treatment, carried out with modern equipment and technical manuals of medicine and Western aesthetic tradition of the oldest oriental shiatsu massage, music therapy, aromatherapy, massage therapy .

Chianciano Terme is also a spa town of ancient origin.
The first Etruscan finds belong to the fourth century B.C. and depict the Goddess Sillene.
Legend says that Sillene, considered by the Etruscan goddess of beauty, was concealed in the bathroom she used to do in the spring water which then took its name.
At Chianciano Terme, the hot springs gush out from four different sources and each of them  presents its own characteristics and adapts accordingly to specific treatments.

The four sources are:
  • Acqua Santa that is ideal for the mineral water therapies, and detoxification dupurative;
  • Acqua di Fucoli, water that flows hypothermal to 16.5 ° C. suited to regulate intestinal motility by exerting anti-inflammatory action on the gastroduodenal mucosa;
  • Acqua Santissima used for inhalation and aerosol therapy for adults and children, showers and nasal insufflation and exerts an anti-inflammatory, mucolytic and sedative on the mucosa of the upper respiratory system and on bronchial;
  • Acqua Sillene is the basis of the sludge in the thermal baths and cosmetics.